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Lasers in chemical analysis

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Published by Humana Press in Clifton, N.J .
Written in English

Subjects:

  • Lasers in chemistry.,
  • Chemistry, Analytic.

Book details:

Edition Notes

Includes bibliographical references and index.

Statementedited by Gary M. Hieftje, John C. Travis, Fred E. Lytle.
SeriesContemporary instrumentation and analysis
ContributionsHieftje, Gary M., Travis, John C., Lytle, Fred E.
Classifications
LC ClassificationsQD63.L3 L39
The Physical Object
Paginationxiii, 310 p. :
Number of Pages310
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL4255352M
ISBN 10089603027X
LC Control Number81000693

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ISBN: X OCLC Number: Description: xiii, pages: illustrations ; 24 cm. Contents: Section One Lasers and Laser Optics.- 1 Laser. A vast amount of systemized experimental data and of theoretical results on chemical lasers is collected in this volume placing it inbetween a textbook and a handbook. An introduction by the pioneer and Nobel prizewinner N. Basov is followed by a presentation of the fundamentals of chemical lasers. Subsequent chapters deal with specific types of chemical lasers including . Recent progress achieved in the field of materials processing and analysis by means of lasers is surveyed. The general topics discussed include: lasers and laser radiation, materials processing, laser processing of semiconductors, chemical processing, lasers in chemical analysis, and lasers in environmental analysis. Laser Chemical Analysis Richard N. Zare The intimate association ofchemistry andlight ranges fromfireworks displays and the color of solutions and precipi-tates to the spectroscopic analysis of new and unknown substances. The ad-vent of the laser has only served to strengthen this natural bond, so that no major chemical research laboratory is.

Laser application in chemistry and related fields is an area growing at rapid pace in line with new developments in laser technology. The fields of application range from fundamental chemical research to sophisticated analytical methods in chemical and biotechnological industry and in environmental chemistry. This book demonstrates the breadth of applications of lasers in . A chemical laser is a laser that obtains its energy from a chemical al lasers can reach continuous wave output with power reaching to megawatt levels. They are used in industry for cutting and drilling. Common examples of chemical lasers are the chemical oxygen iodine laser (COIL), all gas-phase iodine laser (AGIL), and the hydrogen fluoride (HF) and . Laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS) is an upcoming technique for element analysis of solid, liquid, and gaseous material. We give a brief introduction to LIBS, estimate the optical emission for most chemical elements in laser-induced plasma, and discuss the . a laser based on the solid-state laser material Ruby. Figure Theodore Maiman with the first Ruby Laser in and a cross sectional view of the first device [4]. The first HeNe-Laser, a gas laser followed in It is a gas laser built by Ali Javan at MIT, with a wavelength of nm and a linewidth of only 10kHz.

In this review a wide range of laser-based techniques for chemical analysis is discussed with reference to the principles and practical utilities of each technique. Thus techniques for atomic spectrometry, elemental analysis, molecular spectrometry, LIDAR, photothermal spectrometry and mass spectrometry are conside. 4 1 Lasers: Fundamentals, Types, and Operations N N E 0 E E 1 E 3 E 0 E E 1 2 Fast decay Fast decay Fast decay Pumping Pumping Lasing Lasing (a) (b) Figure Energy level diagram for (a) three- and (b) four level laser systems. N 1 to achieve the condition of population inversion between E 2 and E 1 at moderate pumping. Threshold Gain Coefficient for Lasing Laser . fundamental components of lasers, their properties and working principles, with brand new chapters in many key areas. The second volume gives encyclopedic coverage of different categories of lasers, from solid-state lasers and semiconductor diode lasers to the latest in fiber, gas, vapor, chemical, and dye lasers. The fields of application range from fundamental chemical research to sophisticated analytical methods in chemical and biotechnological industry and in environmental chemistry. This book shows, with detail, the breath of applications of lasers in chemistry, with particular reference to analytical and research applications.